S.A.P.I.E N.S

Villes résilientes - Numéro spécial 4, 2013 (EN)


 

► Fading Resilience? Creative Destruction, Neoliberalism and Mounting Risks (EN)

Résumé :  The paper argues that creative destruction at the heart of capitalist dynamics, along with risk-prone features of neoliberalism, impedes wide-ranging resilience. A form of resilience focussing narrowly on natural and human-caused disasters replaces broader responses to risks, which address economic and personal hardship. 
Mots-clés : Urban resilienceGlobalisationNeoliberalismShrinking cities
Thématique : Villes et services urbains

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PDF - 203.94 Ko









 

► Resilience through Transaction Cost Economic Evaluation: Recognizing the Cost-Effectiveness of Sustainable Development (EN)

Résumé : In a step toward more economic and environmentally sustainable decision-making, this paper introduces transaction cost economics as a promising paradigm for revealing the cost-effectiveness of resilient infrastructure investments. 
Mots-clés : resilienceeconomicsinfrastructuretransaction costgovernance,adaptive managementevaluationcollective choicesustainable development,cost-benefit analysisecosystem servicesurbanizationexternalities
Thématique : Economie de l'environnement

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PDF - 495.47 Ko









 

► Resilient and regenerative design in New Orleans: the case of the Make It Right project (EN)

Résumé : The changes produced after a disaster can imply multiple adverse impacts including health risks, disruption to energy and water supply, and ecological imbalances. Post-disaster reconstruction, in this context, provides not only the necessity for a community to return to its pre-disaster state, but as Burby states, a “window of opportunity” to enhance resilience, and, in essence, to ‘regenerate’.
Mots-clés : resiliencevulnerabilityHurricane Katrinasustainable development,regenerative designMake It Rightcommunity development
Thématique : Villes et services urbains

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PDF - 1.7 Mo





 



 

► Retail location and urban resilience: towards a new framework for retail policy (EN)

Résumé : This article reviews the literature on the interactions between retail activities and urban economic resilience with a primary focus on the U.S. The social, economic and environmental impacts of large-scale retail outlets on existing retail and urban systems and their sustainability have been extensively discussed in the urban planning literature. 
Mots-clés : retail planning; urban policy; urban economic resilience; shopping centers; city centers
Thématique : Villes et services urbains

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PDF - 209.17 Ko







 

 

► Adding value to critical infrastructure research and disaster risk management: the resilience concept (EN)

Résumé : This paper aims to conceptualize vulnerability and resilience for the CI context. Building on socio-ecological approaches, the paper will outline the added value that a more stringent conceptualization of resilience offers for DRM of CIs. 
Mots-clés : esilienceCritical InfrastructureProtectionSocial-Ecology,EngineeringConceptsApplication
Thématique : Villes et services urbains

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PDF - 303.89 Ko







 
 
 

► Behind The Barriers: A Resilience Conceptual Model (EN)

Résumé : Each natural event that affects urban regions reveals the limitations of present risk management strategies and shows the prevailing importance of technical systems before, during and after each crisis. 
Mots-clés : ResilienceConceptual modelUrban engineeringNetworksFloods,UrbanCityTechnical systems
Thématique : Villes et services urbains

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PDF - 347.99 Ko









 

► Viewing immigrants’ neighbourhood and housing choices through the lens of community resilience (EN)

Résumé : This article introduces the literature on immigrants’ housing and neighbourhood choices in Canadian cities, citing theories of spatial assimilation, housing career and structural change. These theories have contributed to researchers’ understanding of how immigrants’ patterns differ from those of non-immigrants.
Mots-clés : housingneighbourhoodsimmigrationcommunity resilienceresilient cities
Thématique : Villes et services urbains

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PDF - 203.84 Ko